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Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking LogoImagine a world where every person had complete access to the truth
had sufficient education to separate it from propaganda.
A goal of this site is to provide unbiased access to the truth. This section, in particular, is devoted to helping readers recognize the truth, in the midst of all the propaganda.

Henry A. Giroux | Thinking Dangerously in An Age of Political Betrayal

  • That is, there are no dangerous thoughts for the simple reason that thinking itself is such a dangerous enterprise.  . . . nonthinking is even more dangerous.   —Hannah Arendt 
  • Thinking is not the intellectual reproduction of what already exists anyway. As long as it doesn’t break off, thinking has a secure hold on possibility.  . . . Open thinking points beyond itself.  —Theodor Adorno
  • Age of Ignorance

Henry A. Giroux, Rise Up Times

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July 18, 2014 | Thinking has become dangerous in the United States. As Paul Stoller observes, the symptoms are everywhere including a Texas GOP Party platform that states, “We oppose teaching of Higher order Thinking Skills [because they] have the purpose of challenging the student’s fixed beliefs and undermining parental control” to a Tennessee bill that “allows the teaching of creationism in state’s classrooms.”

At a time when anti-intellectualism runs rampant throughout popular culture and the political landscape, it seems imperative to once again remind ourselves of how important critical thought as a crucible for thinking analytically can be both a resource and an indispensable tool. If critical thought, sometimes disparaged as theory, gets a bad name, it is not because it is inherently dogmatic, jargonistic or rigidly specialized, but because it is often abused or because it becomes a tool of irrelevancy – a form of theoreticism in which theory becomes an end in itself. This abuse of critical thought appears to have a particularly strong hold in the humanities, especially among many graduate students in English departments who often succumb to surrendering their own voices to class projects and dissertations filled with obtuse jargon associated with the most fashionable theorists of the moment. Such work is largely rewarded less for its originality than the fact that it threatens no one.

Henry A. Giroux currently holds the McMaster University Chair for Scholarship in the Public Interest in the English and Cultural Studies Department and a Distinguished Visiting Professorship at Ryerson University. 

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george_w_bush-620x412.jpg George W. Bush 

Age of Ignorance, Charles Simic, New York Review of Books

  • What we have in this country is the rebellion of dull minds against the intellect. That’s why they love politicians who rail against teachers indoctrinating children against their parents’ values and resent the ones who show ability to think seriously and independently. Despite their bravado, these fools can always be counted on to vote against their self-interest. 
  • Human Stupidity Is Destroying the World
  • George Monbiot | Right's Stupidity Spreads, Enabled by Too-Polite Left


Virtual Economy’s Phantom Job Gains Are Based on Statistical Fraud


  • And More Fraud Is in the Works
  • America has left us. We now have the tyranny of the Orwellian state that rules, not by the ballot box and Constitution, but by force and propaganda.

Paul Craig Roberts, Institute for Political Economy

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img/book.jpg July 7, 2014 | Washington can’t stop lying. Don’t be convinced by last Thursday’s job report that it is your fault if you don’t have a job. Those 288,000 jobs and 6.1% unemployment rate are more fiction than reality.

In his analysis of the June Labor Data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, John Williams ( wrote that the 288,000 June jobs and 6.1% unemployment rate are “far removed from common experience and underlying reality.” Payrolls were overstated by “massive, hidden shifts in seasonal adjustments,” and the Birth-Death model added the usual phantom jobs.

Paul Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Economic Policy and associate editor of the Wall Street Journal. He was columnist for Business Week, Scripps Howard News Service, and Creators Syndicate. 

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Austerity%20Measures%20Graphic.jpgAusterity Is Poisoning The Economy, In 2 Charts, Mark Gongloff, Huffington Post

  • "Congress has severely damaged the economy with deep spending cuts in a misguided attempt to solve a short-term debt crisis that simply does not exist," wrote Center for American Progress (CAP) economists Harry Stein and Adam Hersh.
  • How Austerity Wrecked the American Economy


New Analysis Debunks Claim That A Higher Minimum Wage Kills Job Growth


  • Center for Economic Policy Research's (CEPR) study is the latest to debunk the common argument that raising the minimum wage is an economy killer
  • The chart below shows the data, which builds on research first done by Goldman Sachs.
  • 40% Of US Workers Now Earn Less Than 1968 Minimum Wage.

Emily Cohn, Huffington Post This article is made possible with the generous contributions of all reader supported Evergreene Digest readers like you. Thank you!

original.jpg These employment rate gains are the difference between the average employment rate during the first five months of 2014 and the average employment rate during the last five months of 2013.





07/10/2014 | A higher minimum wage doesn't have to kill jobs.

The 13 U.S. states that increased their minimum wages on January 1 saw higher employment growth, on average, than the states where the minimum wage didn't change, according to an analysis by the Center for Economic Policy Research, a progressive think tank.

Four states passed laws to raise wages, while nine others had automatic wage increases pegged to inflation. The employment rate rose 0.99 percent, on average, in those states in the first five months of 2014, according to the CEPR. Employment rose by just 0.68 percent, on average, during that same period in the 37 states that didn't raise wages.

Emily Cohn is the Huffington Post's Business Editor.

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40% Of US Workers Now Earn Less Than 1968 Minimum Wage, Michael Snyder, Popular Resistance


  • Good paying full-time jobs are disappearing, and they are being replaced by low paying part-time jobs.
  • How Govt. Hides the Poor: Formula for Measuring Poverty Dates to When a Loaf of Bread Cost 22 Cents,
  • The poverty that Paul Ryan ignores


The lawless religious right: Time to stop caving to their ridiculous tantrums


  • With a whole new set of complaints and demands, here's how to finally stand up to the terror they're wreaking
  • Right's Stupidity Spreads, Enabled by Too-Polite Left

Katie McDonough, Salon


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bachmann_santorum-620x412.jpg Michele Bachmann, Rick Santorum (Credit: Jeff Malet, /Salon)

Thursday, Jul 10, 2014 | The Employment Non-Discrimination Act never really stood a chance of passing the Republican-controlled House during an election year, but it remained a symbolically heavy piece of legislation. And for good reason. It’s a measure that would do the simple but important work of shielding LGBTQ employees from discrimination based on their sexual and/or gender identities. Discrimination that is completely legal in most states. It is a strange and sad thing to be living in a country where something so basic — the right to show up to your probably crappy job — is still being fought over, but here we are. Despite being utterly uncontroversial in its premise and even though LGBTQ groups and individuals fought exhaustively to ensure the strongest and most inclusive version of the bill moved forward, ENDA has languished in congressional purgatory for decades.

But the left may just have killed it, at least in its current form. Because it needed to be killed. This week, in the wake of the Supreme Court’s disastrous and sweeping Hobby Lobby decision, progressive and LGBTQ groups one-by-one withdrew their support from the measure. But far from being demoralizing, there was something electric about the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, the Transgender Law Center and the American Civil Liberties Union issuing biting condemnations of the measure’s gaping exemptions for religious organizations, exemptions made all the more gaping by the high court’s decision to grant a religious conscience to 90 percent of the corporations in the United States. The message behind the move was clear: We don’t want a weak ENDA. A version of the bill with wide-ranging exemptions for the very organizations and companies most committed to discriminating against LGBTQ people was pointless, and an insult to those who fought hard for the measure over the last 20 years.

Katie McDonough is Salon's politics writer, focusing on gender, sexuality and reproductive justice.

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Special Project | From the Archives: Right's Stupidity Spreads, Enabled by Too-Polite Left, George Monbiot, Guardian UK

  • Conservativism may be the refuge of the dim. But the room for rightwing ideas is made by those too timid to properly object.
  • How these gibbering numbskulls came to dominate Washington
  • Bright Minds and Dark Attitudes


Supreme Court’s out-of-control spiral: Ideologues rewriting their own laws

  • It may be incremental, but make no mistake: This court is using absurd eccentricities to legislate from the bench.
  • Justice Scalia, Religion, and the Failure of Legal Reasoning

David Dayen, Salon

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thomas_scalia-620x412.jpg Supreme Court Justices Clarence Thomas and Antonin Scalia (Credit: AP/Pablo Martinez Monsivais/Jeff Malet Photography, collage by Salon

Wednesday, Jul 2, 2014 | John Boehner wants to sue the president for pursuing executive authority without congressional input? He may want to file a copycat suit against the Supreme Court, who have executed plenty of extra-legislative rule making of their own.

On Monday, the court established multiple new distinctions in the law, inventing them largely to satisfy ideological whims. If any branch of government is engaging in de facto legislating and overstepping the bounds of authority, it’s the Roberts court. 

David Dayen is a contributing writer for Salon.

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Justice Scalia, Religion, and the Failure of Legal Reasoning, Geoffrey R. Stone, Huffington Post

  • What Justice Scalia seems to be saying is that because the First Amendment guarantees "the free exercise of religion," the government should itself be free to engage in "the free exercise of religion." This is wrong on multiple counts. 
  • Beyond the war on science: Why the right embraces ignorance as a virtue.